Types of Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is a partial or total inability to Hear,Hearing loss may be present at birth or acquired at any time afterwards.There are three types of Hearing Loss based upon their characteristics,they are sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss, and mixed hearing loss.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common type of hearing loss.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL) is a type of hearing loss in which the root cause lies in the inner ear or sensory organ (cochlea and associated structures) or the vestibulocochlear nerve.It occurs when the inner ear nerves and hair cells are damaged — perhaps due to age, noise damage or something else. Sensorineural hearing loss impacts the pathways from your inner ear to your brain. Most times, sensorineural hearing loss cannot be corrected medically or surgically, but can be treated and helped with the use of hearing aids.

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Conductive Hearing Loss

A conductive hearing loss happens when sounds cannot get through the outer and middle ear.

It may be hard to hear soft sounds. Louder sounds may be muffled.This type of hearing loss can be caused by Fluids in the middle ear from colds or allergies,Ear Infections,Poor Eustachian tube function,Accumulation of ear wax within the ear canal and many more.A conductive hearing loss can have different degrees: mild, moderate, severe or profound.

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Mixed Hearing Loss

Mixed hearing loss is any combination of Sensorineural and Conductive Hearing loss.

Mixed hearing loss commonly occurs when the ear sustains some sort of trauma. It can also happen gradually over time when one hearing loss is make up by another. For example, a person with a long-standing conductive hearing loss might experience age-related hearing loss as they age.

Depending on the degree and make-up of mixed hearing loss, it may be treated with medications, surgery, hearing aids or an implantable bone conduction hearing system.

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